HTML5 Tags/Elements

by Mahbub Hasan Imon on December 9, 2018


This section contains a complete list of standard tags belonging to the latest HTML5 and XHTML 1.1 specifications. All the tags are grouped into categories.

Structural Tags

TagDescription
<a>Defines a hyperlink.
<article> Defines an article.
<aside> Defines some content loosely related to the page content.
<body>Defines the document’s body.
<br>Produces a single line break.
<details> Represents a widget from which the user can obtain additional information or controls on-demand.
<div>Specifies a division or a section in a document.
<h1> to <h6>Defines HTML headings.
<head>Defines the head portion of the document that contains information about the document.
<header> Represents the header of a document or a section.
<hgroup> Defines a group of headings.
<hr>Produce a horizontal line.
<html>Defines the root of an HTML document.
<footer> Represents the footer of a document or a section.
<nav> Defines a section of navigation links.
<p>Defines a paragraph.
<section> Defines a section of a document, such as header, footer etc.
<span>Defines an inline styleless section in a document.
<summary> Defines a summary for the <details> element.

Metadata Tags

TagDescription
<base>Defines the base URL for all linked objects on a page.
<basefont>Obsolete Specifies the base font for a page.
<link>Defines the relationship between the current document and an external resource.
<meta>Provides structured metadata about the document content.
<style>Inserts style information (commonly CSS) into the head of a document.
<title>Defines a title for the document.

Form Tags

TagDescription
<button>Creates a clickable button.
<datalist> Represents a set of pre-defined options for an <input> element.
<fieldset>Specifies a set of related form fields.
<form>Defines an HTML form for user input.
<input>Defines an input control.
<keygen> Represents a control for generating a public-private key pair.
<label>Defines a label for an <input> control.
<legend>Defines a caption for a <fieldset> element.
<meter> Represents a scalar measurement within a known range.
<optgroup>Defines a group of related options in a selection list.
<option>Defines an option in a selection list.
<select>Defines a selection list within a form.
<textarea>Defines a multi-line text input control (text area).

Formatting Tags

TagDescription
<abbr>Defines an abbreviated form of a longer word or phrase.
<acronym>Defines an acronym.
<address>Specifies the author’s contact information.
<b>Displays text in a bold style.
<bdi> Represents text that is isolated from its surrounding for the purposes of bidirectional text formatting.
<bdo>Overrides the current text direction.
<big>displays text in a large size.
<blockquote>Defines a long quotation.
<center>Obsolete Align contents in the center of the enclosing block.
<cite>Indicates a citation or reference to another source.
<code>Specifies text as computer code.
<del>Specifies a block of deleted text.
<dfn>Specifies a definition.
<em>Specifies emphasized text.
<font>Obsolete Defines font, color, and size for text.
<i>Displays text in an italic style.
<ins>Defines a block of text that has been inserted into a document.
<kbd>Specifies text as keyboard input.
<mark> Represents text highlighted for reference purposes.
<output> Represents the result of a calculation.
<pre>Defines a block of preformatted text.
<progress> Represents the completion progress of a task.
<q>Defines a short inline quotation.
<rp> Provides fall-back parenthesis for browsers that that don’t support ruby annotations.
<rt> Defines the pronunciation of character presented in a ruby annotations.
<ruby> Represents a ruby annotation.
<s>Obsolete Displays text in strikethrough style.
<samp>Specifies text as sample output from a computer program.
<small>Displays text in a smaller size.
<strike>Obsolete Displays text in strikethrough style.
<strong>Indicate strongly emphasized text.
<sub>Defines subscripted text.
<sup>Defines superscripted text.
<tt>Displays text in a teletype style.
<u>Obsolete Displays text with an underline.
<var>Defines a variable.
<wbr> Represents a line break opportunity.

List Tags

TagDescription
<dd>Specifies a definition for a term in a definition list.
<dir>Obsolete Defines a directory list.
<dl>Defines a definition list.
<dt>Defines a term (an item) in a definition list.
<li>Defines a list item.
<ol>Defines an ordered list.
<menu>Represents a list of commands.
<ul>Defines an unordered list.

Table Tags

TagDescription
<caption>Defines the title of a table.
<col>Defines attribute values for one or more columns in a table.
<colgroup>Specifies attributes for multiple columns in a table.
<table>Defines a data table.
<tbody>Groups a set of rows defining the main body of the table data.
<td>Defines a cell in a table.
<tfoot>Groups a set of rows summarizing the columns of the table.
<thead>Groups a set of rows that describes the column labels of a table.
<th>Defines a header cell in a table.
<tr>Defines a row of cells in a table.

Scripting Tags

TagDescription
<noscript>Defines alternative content to display when the browser doesn’t support scripting.
<script>Places script in the document for client-side processing.

Embedded Content Tags

TagDescription
<applet>Obsolete Embeds a Java applet (mini Java applications) on the page. Use the <object> element instead.
<area>Defines a specific area within an image map.
<audio> Embeds a sound, or an audio stream in an HTML document.
<canvas> Defines a region in the document, which can be used to draw graphics on the fly via scripting (usually JavaScript).
<embed> Embeds external application, typically multimedia content like audio or video into an HTML document.
<figcaption> Defines a caption or legend for a figure.
<figure> Represents a figure illustrated as part of the document.
<frame>Defines a single frame within a frameset.
<frameset>Defines a collection of frames or other frameset.
<iframe>Displays a URL in an inline frame.
<img>Displays an inline image.
<map>Defines a client-side image-map.
<noframes>Defines an alternate content that displays in browsers that do not support frames.
<object>Defines an embedded object.
<param>Defines a parameter for an object or applet element.
<source> Defines alternative media resources for the media elements like <audio> or <video>.
<time> Represents a time and/or date.
<video> Embeds video content in an HTML document.